† Barbara Barletta

Barbara Barletta is Professor in the School of Art and Art History, University of Florida, Gainesville, and received her M.A. and Ph.D. from Bryn Mawr.  Her areas of specialization are Greek art and archaeology, 5th century architecture in Athens and Attica, Western Greek sculpture and architecture, and the interaction between Greeks and non-Greeks in Italy.  She is interested in the origins and use of the architectural orders.  At Morgantina, she has been studying monumental Archaic stone architectural fragments from Serra Orlando that are important indications of the use of this part of the ridge for ritual purposes well before the city plan was laid down in the mid-fifth c. BCE.

Dating around 500 B.C.E. fragments of both Doric and Ionic monumental architecture had been re-used in buildings constructed on the ridge during the Hellenistic period.  No foundations have been discovered for either the temple or the altar they came from, and thus their original locations remain unknown.  Their forms, however, may be tentatively reconstructed on the basis of similar buildings and the size and proportions of extant elements.

Doric triglyph fragment

The temple was constructed in the Doric order, perhaps including the usual peristyle, while the altar was of Ionic type with elaborate mouldings.  Such buildings are unusual for the interior of Sicily, but their presence at Morgantina demonstrates the widespread contacts that the city must have enjoyed in the Archaic period.

The study of these fragments will be part of the Morgantina Studies volume on monumental architecture of the Archaic period edited by Carla Antonaccio, with a major contribution from John Kenfield on the architectural terracottas.